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In popular legend Brutus of Troy was responsible for the emergence of the name Britain (from c. 1,100 BC) and the people of Britain became known as Britons. Corineus, the great friend and ally of Brutus, is a legendary warrior who gave Cornwall its name after becoming its ruler:
Brutus is a legendary descendant of the Trojan hero Aeneas who after the Trojan war moved to Italy. A magician predicts great things for the unborn Brutus but also foretells he will kill both his parents. His mother dies in childbirth, then as a boy he accidentally kills his father with an arrow and he is banished from Italy. After travelling to Greece, he discovers a group of Trojans enslaved there and becomes their leader. They defeat the forces of Greek king Pandrasus, take him hostage and demand their freedom. Brutus is given Pandrasus’s daughter Ignoge in marriage, along with ships and provisions for their voyage.
After landing on a deserted island Brutus falls asleep in front of a statue of the goddess Diana and is given a vision of the land where he is destined to settle, an island in the western ocean inhabited only by a few giants.
After adventures in North Africa, Brutus discovers another group of exiled Trojans living on the shores of the Tyrrhenian Sea, led by the prodigious warrior Corineus. The Trojans fight and win many battles in Gaul but realise that numbers are against them and they set sail for Britain, then called Albion. where they land at Totnes. Brutus renames the island Britain and becomes its first king (in legend).
During a festival, Brutus and Corineus meet and are harassed by the giant descendants of ancient Albiones. They kill all of the giants with the exception of their leader, the largest giant Goemagot, who is saved for a wrestling match against Corineus. Corineus wins the contest by throwing Goemagot over a cliff to his death. Corineus becomes ruler of Cornwall as a prize from Brutus.
Brutus creates laws for his people and rules for twenty-four years during which he founds the capital city of Britain on the banks of the River Thames which he names Troia Nova, or New Troy. In time Troia Nova becomes known as Trinovantum. That city today is called London. After his death he is buried in Trinovantum, and the island of Britain is divided between his three sons: Locrinus received the land of England, Albanactus received the land of Scotland and Kamber received the land of Wales.
DID YOU KNOW?
There are 2 ancient stones in England dedicated to Brutus of Troy. The first is called the Brutus Stone (in Totnes), and the second is called the Stone of Brutus (in London) – (also called the London Stone).
Brutus (of Troy) is rainbow-linked with the Badger
Corineus (the Trojan) is rainbow-linked with the Chough
(ref. RL – Badger – Native Mammal; RL – Chough – Native Bird)