England’s cities

/England’s cities
England’s cities 2018-04-12T13:04:03+00:00

England’s cities ~England has 51 cities, 45 of which have been formalised as cities through the granting of Letters Patent, issued by various monarchs of England through the ages.

Map of England’s cities
Cities by Letters Patent

The cities of Durham, York, London, Exeter, Winchester & Canterbury have not been issued with  Letters Patent. It has not been necessary. They have been regarded as cities since Time Immemorial.

Time Immemorial Cities

  [  Time Immemorial can be defined as ‘a time in the past that was so long ago that people have no  knowledge or memory of it’  ]

 England’s cities are named below in alphabetical order:

1. Bath

2. Birmingham

3. Bradford

4. Brighton & Hove

5. Bristol

6. Cambridge

7. Canterbury

8. Carlisle

9. Chelmsford

10. Chester

11. Chichester

12. Coventry

13. Derby

14. Durham

15. Ely

16. Exeter

17. Gloucester

18. Hereford

19. Kingston-upon-Hull

20. Lancaster

21. Leeds

22. Leicester

23. Lichfield

24. Lincoln

25. Liverpool

26. (City of) London

27. Manchester

28. Newcastle-upon-Tyne

29. Norwich

30. Nottingham

31. Oxford

32. Peterborough

33. Plymouth

34. Portsmouth

35. Preston

36. Ripon

37. Salford

38. Salisbury

39. Sheffield

40. Southampton

41. St Albans

42. Stoke-on-Trent

43. Sunderland

44. Truro

45. Wakefield

46. Wells

47. (City of) Westminster

48. Winchester

49. Wolverhampton

50. Worcester

51. York

[ DID YOU KNOW? England has 21 cities that have retained their status and title of ‘county town’ – in alphabetical order these are: Cambridge, Carlisle, Chelmsford, Chester, Chichester, Derby, Dorchester, Durham, Exeter, Gloucester, Hereford, Lancaster, Leicester, Lincoln, Norwich, Nottingham, Oxford, Truro, Winchester, Worcester and York ]

Wild England teasers!

1. Can you place the following 7 cities in chronological order (i.e. in date order of city status achieved through the granting of Letters Patent)? Birmingham, Chichester, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Norwich, Plymouth, Truro

2. Can you name the 12 cities which have been granted Letters Patent, and which are also regarded as time immemorial cities? list the 12 cities in geographical order from north to south

3. Which former city of England lost its city status in 1998? Do you know why?

Answers below

Answers ~

1. Chichester, Norwich, Manchester, Truro, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Birmingham, Plymouth

[ Please note – full list of cities by Letters Patent (in chronological order) as follows: Lincoln (1072), Chichester (1075), Bath (1090), Norwich (1094), Coventry (1102), Ely (1109), Carlisle (1133), Hereford (1189), Worcester (1189), Wells (1205), Salisbury (1227),  Westminster (1540), Chester (1541), Gloucester (1541), Peterborough (1541), Bristol (1542), Oxford (1542), Cambridge (1951), Lichfield (1553), Ripon (1836), Manchester (1853), St Albans (1877), Truro (1877), Liverpool (1880), Newcastle-upon-Tyne (1882), Wakefield (1888), Birmingham (1889), Leeds (1893), Sheffield (1893), Bradford (1897), Kingston-upon-Hull (1897), Nottingham (1897), Leicester (1919), Stoke-on-Trent (1925), Portsmouth (1926), Salford (1926), Plymouth (1928), Lancaster (1937), Southampton (1964), Derby (1977), Sunderland (1992), Brighton & Hove (2000), Wolverhampton (2000), Preston (2002), Chelmsford (2012) ]

2. Carlisle, Lincoln, Lichfield, Norwich, Coventry, Ely, Worcester, Hereford, Bath, Wells, Salisbury, Chichester

3. Rochester was once a city. Letters Patent were issued by King John in 1211. It lost its city status in 1998 due to an oversight by the council which resulted in a failure to appoint charter trustees at the necessary time

rainbow links – england’s cities