Common Frogs are amphibians which mean that they spend part of their lives on land and part of their lives in water. Amphibians are also vertebrates and cold-blooded. Vertebrates are animals that have backbones and a cold-blooded animal has a body temperature that is the same as its surrounding environment.
Common Frogs can be seen in gardens, open fields and woods where there are ponds nearby. The Common Frog likes to live in a pond that has a shallow edge so it can climb out quite easily. Many Common Frogs prefer to live in a cool, moist environment under dense plants or in long grass with water nearby. Common Frogs spend more time on land than they do in water. They often look for food on land and go hunting at night.
The Common Frog eats insects, earthworms, spiders, snails and slugs. It sometimes eats minnows which are small fish. The Common Frog traps its prey with its long sticky tongue and then swallows its prey whole. The Common Frog doesn’t chew its food because it only has teeth on the upper jaw.
The Common Frog has a smooth moist-looking skin which can change colour. It can change the colour of its skin in two hours to match its surroundings. The skin also absorbs water into the Common Frog’s body which means that it doesn’t have to drink water to survive.
The Common Frog also has good hearing. It has a large eardrum behind each eye. The eardrum leads to the rest of the ear inside. The Common Frog can hear sounds that humans can’t hear!