Historical regions ~ England’s geographical features naturally separate England into seven quite distinct regions
3 of these regions can be named with reference to early mediaeval kingdoms of the Dark Ages ~
The remaining 4 regions can be named with reference to points of the compass ~
The geographical features that obviously form a natural border or barrier between the regions of England include the following:
- The Pennines separate North-west England from North-east England
- The River Don separates North-east England from Mercia
- The Rivers Nene and Cam separate Mercia from East Anglia
- The (East Anglian) River Stour separates East Anglia from the Essex section of South-east England
- The River Lea separates Mercia from the Essex section of South-east England
- The River Thames separates Mercia from the Surrey and Kent sections of South-east England
- The River Thames separates Mercia from Wessex
- The Cotswolds separate Mercia from South-west England
- The River Axe valley separates South-west England from the Dorset section of Wessex
- The western edge of Salisbury Plain separates South-west England from the Wiltshire section of Wessex
- The western areas of the North and South Downs separate the Hampshire section of Wessex from South-east England
Wild England teasers!
1. Which one of the following 3 early mediaeval kingdoms of the Dark Ages was considered to be the wealthiest ~ East Anglia, Mercia or Wessex?
2. Which early mediaeval kingdom of the Dark Ages was associated with Alfred the Great?
3. Name the 4 traditional counties that lie within England’s historical region of East Anglia? Answers below
1. Mercia was regarded as the wealthiest kingdom (ref. Staffordshire Hoard)
2. Wessex (ref. Statue of Alfred the Great in Winchester)
3. Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, Norfolk and Suffolk