The Wolf Spider has its name the ‘Wolf Spider’ because it hunts its prey down, rather than catching prey in a web. This spider doesn’t weave a web, but chases and leaps on any prey that comes into sight. It is a quick and agile hunter that can be found in woodlands and gardens. In winter it can also be found in houses near windows, doors, house plants and in basements to avoid the cold weather. The Wolf Spider which is very common in England comes under the Latin name ‘Pardosa Amentata’.
The Wolf Spider (Pardosa Amentata) is about six to eight millimetres in length and has a brownish coloured body with darker brown markings. Its body is divided into two parts, which are the ‘cephalothorax’ and the ‘abdomen’. The cephalothrox holds eight eyes, four pairs of hairy legs and the spider’s jaws. The abdomen has silk-producing organs called ‘spinnerets’ which are situated at the rear of the abdomen.
The female Wolf Spider (Pardosa Amentata) makes an egg sac out of silk and lays her eggs in it. She carries the sac under her body which is attached by silk threads produced from the spinnerets. The newly-hatched young, called ‘spiderlings’, cling onto their mother’s back and ride around with her for about a week till they have grown a little bit bigger. Then they leave to develop into adult Wolf Spiders.