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Flies

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There are many insects that can fly and many of these species are wrongly called flies. These include caddis flies, dragonflies, damselflies, (darters and hawkers), mayflies and lacewings.

True flies are also called ‘diptera’ flies. Diptera comes from the Latin word meaning two wings. True flies have only one pair of wings. All other insects have either no wings at all or two pairs of wings. Instead of the second pair of wings, true flies possess a pair of curious little knobs mounted on slender stalks located just behind the wings. These odd structures are called 'halteres' or 'balancers'. Also all true flies possess another characteristic which are large eyes and sometimes these large eyes can occupy most of the head.

In England we have an enormous amount of true fly species. Most experts estimate the number of different species of true fly to be significantly above 5000. True flies include houseflies, craneflies, and mosquitoes, midges and gnats.

True flies include the Common House Fly which is one of the most widely distributed animals on earth. These flies have a rounded body and very short antennae. Other true flies include the Common Mosquito, the Buzzer Midge and the Common Gnat.

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Damselfly (Large Red)

Damselfly (Large Red)

The Large Red Damselfly is an insect that has a long red abdomen with black markings. It is very common and widespread in England and can often be seen near slow-flowing

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Dragonfly (Emperor)

Dragonfly (Emperor)

The Emperor Dragonfly is the largest dragonfly found in England and is also one of the fastest flying insects in the country. It can be seen flying over weedy ponds, lak

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Gnat (Winter)

Gnat (Winter)

Winter Gnats are called ‘true flies’ because they have two wings and are very common in England. They are often confused with Common Mosquitoes because like mosquito

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Hawker (Common)

Hawker (Common)

The Common Hawker is a delicate looking insect that has a long abdomen and long fine wings. It can be found throughout the country, especially in the north and west. It

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House Fly (Common)

House Fly (Common)

The Common House Fly is an insect that is common and very well-known because it can be seen in houses all through the country. It can also be found on farms flying aroun

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Midge (Buzzer)

Midge (Buzzer)

The Buzzer Midge is called a ‘true fly’ because it has two wings, like the Winter Gnat and the Common Mosquito. It is a non-biting midge that tends to fly in large s

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Mosquito (Common)

Mosquito (Common)

Common Mosquitoes are also called ‘house mosquitoes’ because they are often seen in homes or near people. Sometimes these mosquitoes are confused with Winter Gnats b

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