Wildlife By Habitat

/Wildlife By Habitat
Wildlife By Habitat 2018-05-14T11:39:10+00:00

Pond Wildlife

A pond can be described as being a small body of water which is shallow enough for sunlight to reach the bottom allowing the growth of rooted plants at its deepest point.

Ponds are generally considered to be man-made bodies of water and smaller than a lake. Man-made bodies of water larger than a lake are generally considered to be reservoirs. Whichever description one chooses and whichever size a pond may be, all healthy ponds form a freshwater environment for an abundant species of wildlife. They form an environment for all sorts of small creatures to develop as well as an environment for molluscs, worms and crustaceans to flourish.

Ponds allow amphibians to live and breed. All this allows predators such as the Grass Snake and the Water Vole to prosper. Also the small flying insects which ponds sustain allow bats to feed and prosper in the vicinity. Larger ponds attract swimming birds such as the Mallard and the Coot, as well as wading birds such as the popular Grey Heron. Ponds have always fascinated children and adults often find the still water perfect for contemplation and reflection.

Seashore Wildlife

Seashores vary enormously from rocky coastlines, shingle beaches, sand beaches to the muddy shores and salt marshes or estuaries and bays. The creatures that inhabit these various types of shores vary just as dramatically.

Shingle beaches probably provide the least favourable environment for wildlife because shingle is made up of vast numbers of loose rounded stones which are unstable and move a lot preventing most forms of life from getting a foothold.

Sandy shores are also unstable, but sand allows various creatures to burrow under its surface. Lugworms, bivalve molluscs such as cockles and razor shells, shrimps and some fish like the Weever Fish can live there.

A rocky coastline allows rock pools to develop. These rock pools can provide a oases for wildlife and creatures such as barnacles, se anemones, crabs, mussels, shrimps, limpits, sea urchins, seahorses and rock pool fish all of which can flourish in rock pools.

In sheltered areas when the force of the sea is minimal, like in estuaries and bays, the very smallest suspended particles are deposited as mud or silt. This silt is high in nutritional value and allows sea creatures such as worms and bivalve molluscs (like cockles) to flourish. These in turn provide food for wading sea birds which often love to feed in large numbers. Many seashore environments and their wildlife are under threat from over use either commercially or recreationally. Care needs to be taken.

Sealife

Sea creatures are animals that live in the sea. A variety of these creatures are already described in this website under sea mammals, sea reptiles, salt water fish, saltwater crustaceans, saltwater molluscs and saltwater worms.

Although seahorses are fish and squid, cuttlefish and octopus are all molluscs we have described them all in this sea creature section because of their unusual characteristics.

Also under sea creatures we have included microscopic zooplankton, corals, sea quirts and the Dead Man’s Fingers as well as the primitive Sea Orange Sea Sponge. We’ve also included some well-known sea creatures such as the Common Starfish, the Common Sea Urchin and the Common Jelly Fish and also less known creatures such as the Common Brittlestar, the Gravel Sea Cucumber, the Phosphorescent Sea Pen, the Trembling Sea Mat and the Sea Toad.

We hope you enjoy reading about all these wonderful creatures and that you will be able to more fully appreciate the extent of our natural heritage surrounding our shores.